Green Hydrogen Policy – India’s initiative towards National Hydrogen Mission.
Freshly announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 75th Independence Day, Green Hydrogen Policy is a step forward to make India’s energy stand on its own feet before 100th Independence Day.
Green Hydrogen Policy
In 2021, the union budget first presented the National Hydrogen Mission. Later the Ministry of Power (MoP) finally notified the Green Hydrogen Policy on 17 February 2022.
Working on achieving the goal to supply 5 million tonnes of green hydrogen by the year 2030, India has stepped forward to accomplish this goal and ace the game on a different level.
Though the name only suggests the development and production of a green hydrogen policy, the policy is also designed or planned to develop and produce green ammonia.
This initiative will help India to decrease its dependency on fossil fuels. Along with this, it will also lead to India’s clean energy transition and betterment of climate.
The main aim of launching the National Hydrogen Policy is to make India a green hydrogen hub and develop it’s green hydrogen economy, and meet the set targets related to climate.
Provisions of the Green Hydrogen Policy
If we talk about the policy in an elaborative way, then it can be better understood in a layman’s language:
1. The government is focusing on setting up the manufacturing zones for production and prioritizing ISTS (Inter-State Transmission System) in its Green Hydrogen Policy.
Possibly, if the productions zones are permitted before June 2025, there can be a free transmission for 25 years.
2. The government also targeted raising the production five times from 1 million tonnes (m) to 5 million tonnes by 2030.
3. The government allowed the manufacturers of green hydrogen to either purchase renewable power from the power exchange or tried to establish the Renewable Energy (RE) capacity on their own.
The manufacturers can purchase the same from any other developer also.
4. The policy includes no defined bar producers from saving any surplus renewable energy generated through discoms (companies that distributed power),
They are allowed to bank the surplus energy for up to 30 days and use it according to their requirements.
5. There is no obligation on discoms to obtain renewable energy for the supply of green hydrogen, but it will be allowed only if the same has been done at considerable prices,
This will only include the cost of acquisition.
6. The MNRE (Ministry of New and Renewable Energy) will establish a single portal to carry out all the activities, including statutory clearances.
This will probably ensure ease in doing business.
What is Green Hydrogen?
Green hydrogen is the method to generate hydrogen without the emission of carbon dioxide, thus generating hydrogen just by using renewable sources.
This process can be achieved by using an electric current to separate hydrogen from oxygen in the water. This is a chemical process which is called ‘Electrolysis’.
The generation of hydrogen through electrolysis will prove to be very beneficial as hydrogen is a very reactive, light, and universal fuel.
If grey hydrogen is replaced in the world, then 3000 TWh/year from new renewable will be required to equal the current demand of Europe.
830 million tonnes of CO2, which is emitted annually by producing hydrogen using fossil fuels, can be saved through this method of producing green hydrogen, as pointed out by the International Energy Agency (IEA).
- The sustainability level of green hydrogen is 100% as it decreases the emission of polluting gases either during production or combustion.
- Green hydrogen can be mixed with natural gas, which means it can travel through the same pipe and infrastructure, making it highly transportable.
- This gas can be stored easily without any harm, making it available for many other substitutes uses immediately after production or at any time.
- It can be used for commercial, domestic, industrial, or mobility purposes. This provides that green hydrogen is a very versatile gas.
- This gas is easily transformed into electricity or synthetic gas.
Also, countries like Japan are already going one step further by aspiring to become an economy of hydrogen.
Some major pros of producing green hydrogen gas are :
- It will be a great source of generating electricity and water in a fuel cell, which is a proven benefit for space missions. The crew is provided by a sustainable form of water and electricity.
- It is an excellent source for storing energy for a long period as it is easier to handle than lithium-ion batteries.
- Being an easy and precise decarbonizer, hydrogen provides great mobility and transport, aviation and maritime transport as well.
Some cons will come along with the production of Green Hydrogen.
When there come pros, the cons attach simultaneously, but we know that if you want to achieve something, you must bear some consequences too. Some of the negative impacts of green hydrogen are as follows:
- A high level of safety and security is mandatory while handling an extensively dangerous gas because of its volatility and its flammable elements; hence, it must be prevented from leakage or explosions.
- As compared to other fuels, green hydrogen consumes much more energy.
- The process of generating green hydrogen through the process of electrolysis is highly expensive, which makes the whole process demands a lot more cost than needed in the general production of hydrogen.
The Bright Side
All the countries around the world have set a goal to decarbonize the planet up to the year 2050, and to achieve the same production of green hydrogen would jump many steps ahead for achieving the target.
Currently, hydrogen is responsible for 2% of the total emission of carbon dioxide, which not only straightforwardly harms the climate but adds up to the curse of global warming as well.
A Way Ahead
With an experience of curtailing costs earned through solar and wind reverse auctions, India has gained the capacity to prominently bring down the cost of green hydrogen by using plants for generating low-cost renewable.
As complimentary as hydrogen production will prove to be, it can not be considered a stand-alone solution in itself as it brings its repercussions.
Edited by Prakriti Arora