India tests surface-to-air missile jointly developed with Israel
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully performed two flight tests of the Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM) at the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, off the coast of Odisha providing a massive boost to the Indian Defence Forces. Live shooting testing against high-speed aerial targets was conducted with the Indian Army’s version of MRSAM. Both missiles intercepted and entirely destroyed their aerial targets. The first mission intended to intercept a medium-altitude long-range target, while the second mission was to demonstrate the capability of a low-altitude short-range target.
Developed jointly by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and DRDO, the MRSAM underwent flight tests against high-speed aerial targets as part of the ‘live-fire trials.’
The Army’s MRSAM system contains a multi-function radar, a mobile launcher system, and other vehicles, and it was tested in a deliverable version. “Flight data recorded by range equipment such radars, electro-optical tracking systems, and telemetry deployed by ITR, Chandipur, was used to validate the weapon system’s performance.”
According to Air Marshal Anil Chopra (retd), director-general of the Centre for Air Power Studies, India has successfully built a wide variety of missiles.
Over the previous four to five years, India and Israel have signed separate deals totalling roughly $3 billion for upgraded surface-to-air missile systems for the three services. In September, the Indian Air Force received the MRSAM system, which defense minister Rajnath Singh described as a “game-changer” in air defense.
In addition, India has begun receiving the S-400 Triumf air defense missile systems that it ordered from Russia. New Delhi has made orders for five of these missile systems, which have a range of 400 kilometers and can neutralize a variety of aerial threats. The initial launch of the Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM) – Indian Army version from the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, in December 2020 off the coast of Odisha, marked a significant milestone for the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). With a direct hit, the missile destroyed a high-speed unmanned aerial target that was imitating an aircraft.
Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh commended the DRDO, the Indian Army, and the industry on the MRSAM-successful Army’s flying testing. He added that both successful tests demonstrated the missile system’s ability to intercept targets at crucial ranges.
Types of missiles in India
India has increased its arsenal of strategic missiles to support the government’s various defense strategies. India has set its sights on producing the world’s most destructive and powerful missile systems, including anti-ship, ballistic, cruise, air-to-air, anti-missile, and even the capability to hit targets in space, using a combination of science, technology, and human resources. India is also one of seven countries with an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) capable of a minimum range of 5,500 kilometers. India is also one of only four countries in the world with an Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) system.
A missile, sometimes known as a guided missile, is a self-propelled airborne-ranged weapon that is driven by a jet engine or rocket motor. Missile guidance, flying system, engine, and warhead are the four essential components of missiles.
India has a devastating arsenal of potent weapons with the Indian Air Force’s (IAF) version of the BrahMos, the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Agni-5, and other vital missiles. Along with this, India’s ammunition inventory includes the Prithvi, Dhanush, and Nirbhay missile series.
Missiles have the following classifications:
- Surface-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.)
- Air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, anti-ship, anti-tank, etc.)
- Surface-to-air missiles (anti-ballistic)
- Air to air missiles and anti-satellite weapons missiles.
Surface-to-surface missiles are launched from the ground and are capable of striking both land and marine targets. They can be launched from hand-held weapons, vehicles, ships, and ground installations. Because the launching platform is usually stationary or moving, they are often powered by a rocket engine or launched by an explosive charge.
A surface-to-air missile (SAM), also known as a ground-to-air missile (GTAM), is a weapon that can be launched from the ground to destroy enemy aircraft or missiles. It is used as an anti-aircraft defense system by modern armed forces.
A missile fired from an aircraft with the intent of damaging another aircraft, or any other aerial object is known as an air to air missile (AAM). AAM is solid-fuelled or, in some cases, liquid-fuelled. During World War I, it evolved from unguided air-to-air rockets.
Submarine-launched ballistic missile
A ballistic missile that can be launched from submarines is known as a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM). Each missile contains a nuclear payload and may hit several targets with a single launch. Submarine-launched ballistic missiles are closely connected to intercontinental ballistic missiles, which can travel beyond 5,500 kilometers.
An onboard computer guides a cruise missile to its target. It is a guided missile that is used against terrestrial targets that remain in the atmosphere and travels at a relatively steady speed for the majority of its flight path. Cruise missiles are meant to deliver a high-precision target warhead over vast distances.
Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)
It is a guided missile designed to hit and destroy heavily armoured military vehicles. ATGMs range from small tripod-mounted weapons that can be transported and fired by a single soldier to larger tripod-mounted weapons that require a team to transport and fire to the vehicle and aircraft-mounted missile systems.
An anti-ballistic missile (ABM) is a surface-to-air missile that is designed to intercept ballistic missiles (Missile defense). Ballistic missiles are employed to deliver nuclear, chemical, biological, or conventional warheads in a ballistic attack.
India joined an exclusive club of countries that can hit a target in space in March 2019, when it successfully tested the anti-satellite missile ‘Mission Shakti.’ This test came just months after India completed its fully operational nuclear triad (the ability to launch nuclear warheads from the air, land, and sea), making India the fourth country in the world to be able to do so, behind the United States, Russia, and China.
In 1950, India declared its recognition of Israel. Defense and agriculture have been the two main pillars of bilateral engagement between the two countries. In recent years, relations have proliferated in a variety of areas, including agriculture, IT and telecom, and homeland security. Bilateral trade has also diversified into several sectors, including pharmaceuticals, agriculture, IT and telecom, and homeland security.
Missiles are incredibly vital weapons for India’s defense. India has partnered with a variety of countries and organizations/companies to build and grow the country.
Edited by Prakriti Arora