Top 7 methods of revolutionizing Indian agriculture through advanced technology
In India, agriculture is dependent on nature, but issues like climate change keep making farming unpredictable. Agriculture requires technological advancements to increase production and make food more accessible to the general public. Agriculture plays a vital role in internal and external trade, positioning India as a significant agri-exporter, accounting for 12% of India’s exports. Since its independence, India has worked to achieve agricultural self-sufficiency.
While India has achieved food sufficiency in production, resource-intensive agriculture and low farmer productivity continue to plague the country, resulting in poverty and malnutrition. The worker productivity in India’s agricultural sector is low, and resources are being used. Despite significant improvements in food grain production, the government faces several challenges as it seeks to increase agricultural production as a percentage of GDP.
The unorganized and fragmented nature of Indian agriculture, combined with issues such as a lack of infrastructure, inefficient supply chains, and low digital adoption, prevents the sector from reaching its full potential. Agriculture corporations are recognizing the need for solutions to these problems. Farmers must learn the use of modern technology and innovative approaches to increase productivity and profit. Crop stress detection, pathogen detection, and monitoring are a few of the solutions provided by the technology for the agricultural industry.
Agriculture innovation is causing a shift in agriculture activities that are lowering losses and increasing efficiency. Hyperspectral imaging will help drive the global precision farming market with improved technological advancements and better adoption of the technology. The Indian agriculture industry needs to evolve and keep up with the times, so here are eight of the most recent agricultural innovations that farmers can enjoy in the coming days:
Drones are considered the future of the agricultural industry. Agriculture drones enable farmers to adapt to specific environments and make thoughtful decisions as a result. Precision agriculture can use drones equipped with technology-based sensors to track crop health, detect weeds and pests, analyze soil health, scout crops, manage irrigation, and manage livestock, among other things.
Drones can assist farmers in maximizing the use of inputs responding more to threats, reducing crop scouting time, improving variable-rate prescriptions in real-time, and estimating yield from a field. Drones help to keep track of different crop types in different locations.
The application of this new agricultural technology will expand in the coming years. Drone surveys boost crop yields while saving time and money. Agricultural drones equipped with multispectral and RGB sensors can also detect weeds, infections, and pest problems in field areas.
Farmers in India must consider agriculture as a business and use data science to improve precision agriculture. Between planting and harvesting, a farmer makes hundreds of decisions, each of which has an impact on yields and profitability.
Through IoT-enabled solutions, smart farming enables farmers to track relevant parameters. These technologies may also aid farmers in automating and optimizing processes such as pesticide spraying, irrigation, soil rejuvenation, and other similar tasks.
In fact, without enough data to make decisions, farmers are in the database business. Yields and profitability can change if farmers have access to tech tools or apps that provide them with customized and personalized data. The rise of digital agriculture and related technologies has ushered in a plethora of new data possibilities.
Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture
Agriculture is one of the fields where AI is being used by innovative startups. Artificial intelligence (AI) will be the next big thing in agriculture. As the agricultural industry’s technological evolution continues, artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming more prevalent. AI will help farmers get the best results for their hard work, from seed sowing to pest management and irrigation management.
AI-powered solutions will not only help farmers improve efficiencies, but they will also help them increase crop quantity, quality, and speed up a time to market. This will also help determine the best practices, whether it’s seed, fertilizer, pesticide choices, or the technique used at a specific farming stage. AI technology aids in the detection of plant disease, pests, and poor farm nutrition.
Artificial intelligence sensors can detect and target weeds and help to determine the most effective herbicide to use in the area. Remote sensors, satellites, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can collect data over an entire field 24 hours a day. The algorithm will improve its ability to predict a variety of outcomes as more inputs and statistical data are collected. Farmers will be able to use artificial intelligence to help them achieve their goal of a better harvest by making better field decisions.
The blockchain is a shared ledger of accounts and transactions that all participants write and store. The ability of blockchain to track ownership records and resist tampering can be used to address urgent issues in the current food system, such as food fraud, safety recalls, supply chain inefficiency, and food traceability.
Blockchain is a game-changing technology that has the potential to change the way data is used in agriculture. The decentralized nature of blockchain ensures that products and practices are verified, resulting in a transparent market for premium goods.
Blockchain technology enables peer-to-peer transactions to occur, eliminating the need for an intermediary such as a bank (as in the case of cryptocurrencies) or an intermediary in the agricultural sector. Recent food safety debates have focused on food traceability, particularly in light of recent advancements in blockchain technology.
Farm Management System Software
In India, there is a cloud-based agriculture farm management software platform named Kheti Buddy Enterprise. It is a unified Enterprise farm management system that enables businesses to use their software platform for all their farming needs. It can collect, check, and tweak farm data and integrate with other software platforms.
The Kheti Buddy Enterprise platform includes a proprietary algorithm-based advanced farm crop ma system. Moisture, soil composition, sunlight, artificial lighting, and other factors must be monitored in laboratory farming. Even minor mistakes can jeopardize the entire harvest.
The farm software provides accurate data, allowing you to make decisions from anywhere. They serve as seamless integration and connection between your business partner and their suppliers, such as field employees or vendors, whether they are an agriculture consultant, dealer, manufacturer, or retailer.
A single, transparent management system can benefit everyone involved in the agribusiness sales cycle. With Kheti Buddy as their technology partner, budding Agri-Business owners will be able to grow and scale their businesses more.
Cloud computing, also known as software-as-a-service (Saas), is one application that farmers can use to manage their crops and businesses better. In the agricultural sector, the successful implementation of cloud computing is encouraging.
Startup companies are developing business applications that are beneficial to the agricultural sector in this sector. Agriculture-specific software is available, allowing for more efficient workforce management. All agrarian data, including soil, weather, research, crop, farmers, agriculture marketing, fertilizers, and pesticides, can now be centralized in the cloud thanks to cloud computing technology.
Machine operations and production can be measured using mobile task management tools and data integration techniques. This is a technology used in various industries, but it is designed for farm production in this case.
Mobile technology helps to control and check crop irrigation systems. Instead of driving to each field, a farmer can control his irrigation systems from a phone or computer with the right equipment. Moisture sensors in the ground can send data about the amount of moisture present at different depths in the soil.
Due to their increased flexibility, irrigation pivots can now apply water and other inputs like fertilizer with greater precision. Farmers can also use this in conjunction with other technologies, such as the VRT mentioned earlier, to control the rate at which water is applied.
To keep track of employees, some farmers and ranchers use apps like ‘Foursquare’. They also installed cameras throughout the farm. Mobile technology encompasses a wide range of devices, with subcategories such as voice, data, network, and connectivity.
The Indian economy entirely relies on agriculture. It accounts for 16 per cent of India’s GDP and employs 43 per cent of the country’s workforce. Agriculture, like every other industry, has benefited from technological advancements. For the years 2021-2025, the Indian government has launched a digital agriculture mission, with projects based on new technologies. Artificial intelligence, blockchain, remote sensing and GIS technology, drones and robots, and so on are examples of such technologies. Farmers use information technology for a variety of tasks, not farm management.
Indeed, information technology has altered how farmers manage their crops and livestock. Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar says the industry will continue to modernize by incorporating new technologies to help farmers increase their income. To summarize, e-Agriculture is a new phenomenon that is here to stay and is changing farming and food production processes. Farmers will be able to make informed decisions about what crop to grow, what variety of seeds to use, and what best practices to adopt based on some pilot projects with some efficient organizations.
The use of science and technology in agriculture generally refers to increasing crop yield, protecting crops from diseases and pests, developing methods to store crops for long periods, producing healthy and high-yielding livestock, and predicting weather patterns. The attempts to transform the agricultural sector must take into account. The agriculture value chain includes public and private players in agricultural inputs, services, logistics and extends from crop selection to crop management market.
Edited by Prakriti Arora