On Saturday, the Supreme Court of India thrashed the Delhi Government and the Centre Government. Delhi’s air quality has deteriorated since the Supreme Court ordered the government to prepare an emergency plan. To reduce Delhi’s pollution levels, the Court has suggested a two-day lockdown. At the hearing on Saturday, the SC asked, “Tell us how we can reduce the AQI from 500 by at least 200 points. Explain how people can survive?”
According to the bench headed by Chief Justice N V Ramana, there is so much pollution in the air that people wear masks inside their homes. CJI asked the Centre, “What steps are being taken to tackle air pollution?” at home as well.
Farmers cannot afford two lakh stubble burning machines, according to the Supreme Court. In a stinging attack on both the Delhi and the federal governments, it demanded, “Why can’t both governments provide these machines to farmers or remove the stubble?”
Additionally, the Court noted that berating farmers has become the new fashion, but the poor air quality in the city may also be due to other factors.
In the Court’s opinion, stubble is only part of the problem, not the sole cause of the problem.
After reopening schools, some have criticized Delhi’s government for not emphasizing the health of children. It is not the Centre’s jurisdiction but yours to open all schools in the national capital. What is happening on that front? The SC asked.
Dr Guleria (AIIMS) said we expose little children to pollution, pandemics and dengue by sending them to school in this weather, the Court noted.
“Take an emergency decision. We will look at a long-term solution later,” SC added. SC suggested making an emergency decision instead and deciding on the long-term solution later.
A hearing on the plea has been scheduled for November 15, and the Court has asked that the Centre inform it of any steps taken to prevent air pollution.
Delhi’s air quality index was 473 on Saturday morning, which is considered severe. Delhi’s air quality index was recorded at 489, 466, 474, 480, and 504 for Lodhi Road, Delhi University, IIT Delhi, and Pusa Road 1, respectively, according to SAFAR.
According to the AQI, good or satisfactory air quality exists between 0 and 50, moderate air quality exists between 101 and 200, low air quality exists between 201 and 300, inferior air quality exists between 301 and 400, and severe air quality exists between 401 and 500.
India has 3 of the world’s ten most polluted cities.
A mixture of farm fire smoke from nearby states and vehicle emissions in Delhi is causing concern about a health emergency. According to IQAir’s air quality and pollution city tracking service, a technology partner of the United Nations Environment Program and based in Switzerland, three cities in India have the worst air quality.
The top city on the list is Delhi, with an average AQI of 556, followed by Kolkata at #4 and Mumbai at #6. Additionally, Lahore, Pakistan, and Chengdu, China, have the worst air quality indices.
According to IQAir, the following cities have the worst air quality indicators and pollution ranking:
1. Delhi, India (AQI: 556)
2. Lahore, Pakistan (AQI: 354)
3. Sofia, Bulgaria (AQI: 178)
4. Kolkata, India (AQI: 177)
5. Zagreb, Croatia (AQI: 173)
6. Mumbai, India (AQI: 169)
7. Belgrade, Serbia (AQI: 165)
8. Chengdu, China (AQI: 165)
9. Skopje, North Macedonia (AQI: 164)
10. Krakow, Poland (AQI: 160)
Delhi also received pollutants from Jhajjar, Gurugram, Baghpat, Ghaziabad, and Sonepat, according to the IITM’s decision support system. These tools have been developed to forecast Delhi’s air quality and identify the components of pollution.
Delhi’s PM 2.5 (ultrafine particulates with diameter less than 2.5 micrometres) on Friday was 15 per cent caused by paddy stubble fires, 25 per cent were caused by local vehicles, 7 per cent came from households, and 9-10 per cent was caused by industries in Delhi and its periphery.
According to SAFAR, at least 35 per cent of the pollutants in the air Friday came from stubble fires, the air quality monitoring station of the Union ministry of earth sciences.
The impact of lockdowns on students’ mental health
The Covid-19 pandemic and lockdown have impacted students worldwide by staying home, cutting down their physical activity, and missing critical aspects of their growing up. Check out what lockdown did to students’ mental health.
Students’ mental health needs to be addressed. Approximately 53% of Indian university students suffer from depression, according to a study published in the Asian Journal of Psychiatry. Seventy-four per cent of Indian students suffer from high or severe stress, according to our research.
Pandemics and lockdowns have not been kind to our students. College students in India were among the worst affected emotionally — 58% reported increased stress levels and a severe deterioration in their angry, anxious, lonely, hopeless, and happy emotions.
During the lockdown, students suffer from the following mental health problems:
These are the two most common complaints we have heard from Indian students in these times:
- Lack of confidence and self-esteem
Career prospects and placements were threatened, causing anxiety and concern among many.
There was the constant fear that they or someone close to them might contract Covid-19. A lockdown and strict social distancing caused many to feel isolated and lonely.
Their self-esteem and confidence plummeted as a result of all of these factors.
- Inability to balance work and life
Many students either focus insufficiently on their academic work or are preoccupied with it to the point that they can’t concentrate.
You can improve your home’s air quality by taking a few simple precautions.
- Smoking should be avoided indoors (although quitting smoking is the best way to improve your health).
- Craft supplies should be used in an area with good ventilation.
- Ventilate your gas stove well.
- Clutter should be minimized.
- Carpets should be removed if possible.
- Reduce moisture by using a dehumidifier or air conditioner.
- To prevent pests from attracting trash, keep it covered.
- Shoes must be removed at the door.
- Regularly test your car’s emissions.
- Air fresheners should be used sparingly.
- Radon can be detected in your home.
- Detect carbon monoxide with a carbon monoxide detector.
- Make sure there are no water leaks.
- Vacuum frequently to remove dust from surfaces.
- Do a weekly wash of the bedding.
- Ensure your bathroom and kitchen exhaust fans are working correctly.
- Keeping scented candles under a lid is a good idea.